Best Practices For Ethernet Cable Wiring
Of course a critical aspect of any network is the ethernet cable wiring, and there are a variety of problems that can point back to a conductor that was built improperly. The job of creating cables is certainly simple enough assuming the proper knowledge and the availability of needed tools. If the technician has the right tools and understands the cable type desired, following simple instructions is all that is needed.
Now, without the proper tools, the job becomes much more difficult. It is best to have wire cutters and wire strippers readily available. A tester is considered nice to have, however any professional will consider this item essential. Then of course the appropriate connector will be needed. Depending on the type of connection required, either a punch tool or crimper will also be needed.
The first thing to do is to remove an appropriate amount of shielding from each end. One or two inches is usually enough. Consider that exposing too much of the conductor on either end can and often does result in poor performance or complete failure. When too much of the outer shielding is removed, wire cutters can be used to trim the end of the conductors appropriately. Take heart in knowing this gets much easier with practice.
The next step is to untwist the twisted pairs. The plastic covering on the conductors themselves can remain. The punch tool or crimper will pierce this covering appropriately. Removing the plastic from the wires is not only unnecessary, it can damage the ends and result in intermittent or complete failure. At this point, the technician should know what type of wiring is needed for the installation. There is variety here, but the most common types are straight-through and crossover. There are custom options too, but either way, the idea is to make certain both ends are wired the same. Data transmission will fail if mistakes are made.
Finally, carefully insert the conductors into the connector, align the crimper onto the connector and squeeze with enough force to tighten the connector onto the wires. Be careful to insure enough pressure is used to insure a solid connection, but remember, too much pressure can actually destroy the connector. If the connector is damaged, the cable may never work properly or may fail frequently. Practice makes perfect, and it may take several attempts to get the pressure just right. Remember too that different cabling, connectors, and even the use of a different crimper can require pressure adjustments.
Once built and before being placed into use, it is wise to use a tester to confirm data is successfully transmitted before installation. Tracing these problems after the fact can be time consuming and frustrating. It is best to test before installation above the ceiling or through walls. So while it is a fairly simple process, the proper tools and knowledge are needed to create ethernet cable wiring. Using the appropriate tools will make the process a more efficient one. Recognizing the pairing of wires on each end will come naturally over time. Best practices make all the difference and help to guarantee a cable that will perform well throughout its lifetime.
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